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                            首页>考试频道>外语>留学英语>GRE

                            GRE阅读长⊙难句如寶貝何解

                            2017-04-12来源:

                              

                              虽然GRE考试在不断地改革,但是总的来说,考察的东西没有太大的变化。本文小♂编为大家〓解析了GRE阅读◣长难句,希望对大家备考有所帮助。

                              1、长成分

                              1)长从』句做主语、宾语及其他成分

                              a、主语从句 b、宾语从句

                              2)长状语

                              3)层层修饰

                              4)并列成分

                              2、常见倒装搭又一件神器配

                              (1)及物动词加介词:固定词组的固定搭配中,经常㊣ 出现倒装情况,如:bring A to B,写作:bring to B A

                              例:Yet Waltzer’s argument , however deficient , does point to one ofthe most serious weaknesses of capitalism-namely , that it brings topredominant positions in a society people who ,no matter howlegitimately they have earned their material rewards , often lack thoseother qualities that evoke affection or admiration.

                              类似的情况:throw over , insert into , import into , infer from, establish for, advocate as 等

                              (2)及物动词加副词

                              例:make possible …(单词或☉者句子)

                              3、省略的∴几种情况↙

                              (1)重本座复的成分

                              (2)让步√转折的省略:如although (but)

                              (3)定语从句引导☆词的省略which(that )

                              (4)定语从句的引导词和系动词同时省略,变成〖后置定语

                              如:qualities(such as “the capacity for hard work”) essential in producing wealth

                              4、 短语被分』割

                              如:such as, so that , too to , more than , from A to B , between A and B

                              5、多重否定

                              如:Despite these vague categories , one should not claimunequivocally that hostility between recognizable classes cannot belegitimately observed .

                              6、难句Ψ分析举例

                              Such large, impersonal manipulation of capital and industry greatlyincreased the numbers and importance of shareholders as a class , anelement in national life representing irresponsible wealth detachedfrom the land and the duties of the landowners; and almost equallydetached from the responsible management of business.[句子主干]Such large,impersonal manipulation of capital and industry greatly increased…shareholders as a class, (which was) an element…

                              [语法难点]本句是典型的非限【定性∑定语从句,难点在其主语和」宾语都有较长的短语和of结构限定,并且▆分句是由◣两个and相连的3个△部分组成的。分句 an element…landowners 又∞带有两个定语№从句,一个是(which was)representing…,另一个是(which was)detached…可见,定』语从句的难点在于经常省略“引导词+be”的结构,从而在理解上容易和分词结构相混淆。

                              [句子翻译] 对卐资本和企业的这种大规模的非个≡人操纵大大增加了股东作为一个阶级的数量和▼重要★性。这个阶层作为国计╱民生的一部分,代表了非个人责任的财富与土地及土微微一笑地所有者应尽☉义务的分离,而且也几乎与责任管但實力相差卻是非常多理相分离。



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